Findings report on the endemic fluorosis in the lower reaches of Xiaoqing river [小清河下游地区地方性氟中毒调查报告]

Xu, Zhongtao, Sun, Jiandong, Li, Jianzhi, Guo, Xiufang, & Sui, Yingjie (2001) Findings report on the endemic fluorosis in the lower reaches of Xiaoqing river [小清河下游地区地方性氟中毒调查报告]. Chinese Journal of Medicine [中国地方病学杂志], 20(5), pp. 358-359.

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Objective: To find out the present prevalent situation of the endemic fluorosis in the lower reaches of Xiao Qing River , and to look for an effective way to altering sources to lower fluoride level.

Methods: To determine the water fluoride content in the drinking water sources and investigate the basic condition of the water sources (type of the water sources, the depth of well, etc) in the three towns of this area . Make a sampling survey of the children aged from 8 to 12 about the dent al fluoro sis and determine the urine fluoride, and the skeletal fluorosis among the crowd over 16 y ears of age.

Results: The survey shows that the lower reaches of Xiaoqing river belong to the drinking water type of endemic fluorosis caused by drinking deep well water. In this area, 65.71% of the water sources contain high level of fluoride, 57.51% of the children suffer from dental fluorosis, 0.58% of the crowd over 16 years of age suffer from skeletal fluorosis. High water fluoride rate is related with the depth of the well. If the well is over 500 metres deep, the fluoride content rate is clearly low.

Conclusions: In this area, there are still some water sources which contain normal level of fluoride. By increasing the depth of the well down to 500 metres, the problem of high fluoride in water might be solved.

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ID Code: 65192
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Endemic fluorosis, Deep well water, Water improvement to decrease the fluoride level
DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.1000-4955.2001.05.013
ISSN: 2095-4255
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Deposited On: 09 Dec 2013 02:04
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2013 02:04

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