Examining workload models in online and blended teaching

Tynan, Belinda, Ryan, Yoni, & Lamont-Mills, Andrea (2015) Examining workload models in online and blended teaching. British Journal Of Educational Technology, 46(1), pp. 5-15.

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Over the past decade, most Australian universities have moved increasingly towards online course delivery for both undergraduate and graduate programs. In almost all cases, elements of online teaching are part of routine teaching loads. Yet detailed and accurate workload data are not readily available. As a result, institutional policies on academic staff workload are often guided more by untested assumptions about reduction of costs per student unit, rather than being evidence-based, with the result that implementation of new technologies for online teaching has resulted in poorly defined workload expectations. While the academics in this study often revealed a limited understanding of their institutional workload formulas, which in Australia are negotiated between management and the national union through their local branches, the costs of various types of teaching delivery have become a critical issue in a time of increasing student numbers, declining funding, pressures to increase quality and introduce minimum standards of teaching and curriculum, and substantial expenditure on technologies to support e-learning. There have been relatively few studies on the costs associated with workload for online teaching, and even fewer on the more ubiquitous ‘blended’, ‘hybrid’ or ‘flexible’ modes, in which face-to-face teaching is supplemented by online resources and activities. With this in mind the research reported here has attempted to answer the following question: What insights currently inform Australian universities about staff workload when teaching online?

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ID Code: 65475
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: academic workloads, workload models, HERN, online learning, blended learning, flexible delivery
DOI: 10.1111/bjet.12111
ISSN: 1467-8535
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EDUCATION (130000) > EDUCATION SYSTEMS (130100) > Higher Education (130103)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Chancellery
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Deposited On: 19 Dec 2013 01:37
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2016 16:48

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