Transparency tools in gene patenting for informing policy and practice

Jefferson, Osmat Azzam, Köllhofer, Deniz, Ehrich, Thomas H., & Jefferson, Richard (2013) Transparency tools in gene patenting for informing policy and practice. Nature Biotechnology, 31(12), pp. 1086-1093.

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Abstract

In the recent decision Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics1, the US Supreme Court held that naturally occurring sequences from human genomic DNA are not patentable subject matter. Only certain complementary DNAs (cDNA), modified sequences and methods to use sequences are potentially patentable. It is likely that this distinction will hold for all DNA sequences, whether animal, plant or microbial2. However, it is not clear whether this means that other naturally occurring informational molecules, such as polypeptides (proteins) or polysaccharides, will also be excluded from patents.

The decision underscores a pressing need for precise analysis of patents that disclose and reference genetic sequences, especially in the claims. Similarly, data sets, standards compliance and analytical tools must be improved—in particular, data sets and analytical tools must be made openly accessible—in order to provide a basis for effective decision making and policy setting to support biological innovation. Here, we present a web-based platform that allows such data aggregation, analysis and visualization in an open, shareable facility. To demonstrate the potential for the extension of this platform to global patent jurisdictions, we discuss the results of a global survey of patent offices that shows that much progress is still needed in making these data freely available for aggregation in the first place.

Impact and interest:

15 citations in Scopus
13 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 65537
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1038/nbt.2755
ISSN: 1087-0156
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Law
Current > Schools > School of Information Systems
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Nature America, Inc.
Deposited On: 23 Dec 2013 04:12
Last Modified: 06 Jan 2014 05:02

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