The bioeconomics of nutritional poverty and child labour
Sarkar, Jayanta (2013) The bioeconomics of nutritional poverty and child labour. In Butler, David & Mangano, Maria (Eds.) The 42nd Australian Conference of Economists Conference Proceedings, Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia.
This paper provides a bio-economic foundation of fertility and child labor. Drawing on the clinical and physiological literature, the model highlights the interaction between work efforts of adults and children, their subsistence consumption, and fertility. The subsistence consumption requirements are endogenous to physical efforts. Parents engaged in physically demanding occupations (e.g. non-mechanized agriculture) are likely to suffer from energy deficiency, leading to reduced future work-capacity. Consumption smoothing occurs through bearing a large number of children who provide income support as adults. Although net cost of an additional child is positive, the cost is balanced by the additional income accruing though child employment. In contrast, parents in low-physical effort occupations are less likely to su¤er from nutritional deficiency, and thus tend to have lower fertility and child labor.
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|Item Type:||Conference Paper|
|Keywords:||Child labor, physical activity level, energy deficincy, fertility, morbidity|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Economics & Finance
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2013 Please consult the author|
|Deposited On:||06 Jan 2014 01:40|
|Last Modified:||14 Jan 2014 08:29|
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