The bioeconomics of nutritional poverty and child labour

Sarkar, Jayanta (2013) The bioeconomics of nutritional poverty and child labour. In Butler, David & Mangano, Maria (Eds.) The 42nd Australian Conference of Economists Conference Proceedings, Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia.

View at publisher


This paper provides a bio-economic foundation of fertility and child labor. Drawing on the clinical and physiological literature, the model highlights the interaction between work efforts of adults and children, their subsistence consumption, and fertility. The subsistence consumption requirements are endogenous to physical efforts. Parents engaged in physically demanding occupations (e.g. non-mechanized agriculture) are likely to suffer from energy deficiency, leading to reduced future work-capacity. Consumption smoothing occurs through bearing a large number of children who provide income support as adults. Although net cost of an additional child is positive, the cost is balanced by the additional income accruing though child employment. In contrast, parents in low-physical effort occupations are less likely to su¤er from nutritional deficiency, and thus tend to have lower fertility and child labor.

Impact and interest:

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

53 since deposited on 06 Jan 2014
6 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 65653
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Child labor, physical activity level, energy deficincy, fertility, morbidity
ISBN: 9781921877124
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Economics & Finance
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Please consult the author
Deposited On: 06 Jan 2014 01:40
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2014 08:29

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page