A study of the phosphate mineral kapundaite NaCa(Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)3⋅5(H2O) using SEM/EDX and vibrational spectroscopic methods

Frost, Ray L., López, Andrés, Xi, Yunfei, & Scholz, Ricardo (2014) A study of the phosphate mineral kapundaite NaCa(Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)3⋅5(H2O) using SEM/EDX and vibrational spectroscopic methods. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 122, pp. 400-404.

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Vibrational spectroscopy enables subtle details of the molecular structure of kapundaite to be determined. Single crystals of a pure phase from a Brazilian pegmatite were used. Kapundaite is the Fe3+ member of the wardite group. The infrared and Raman spectroscopy were applied to compare the structure of kapundaite with wardite. The Raman spectrum of kapundaite in the 800–1400 cm−1 spectral range shows two intense bands at 1089 and 1114 cm−1 assigned to the ν1PO43- symmetric stretching vibrations. The observation of two bands provides evidence for the non-equivalence of the phosphate units in the kapundaite structure. The infrared spectrum of kapundaite in the 500–1300 cm−1 shows much greater complexity than the Raman spectrum. Strong infrared bands are found at 966, 1003 and 1036 cm−1 and are attributed to the ν1PO43- symmetric stretching mode and ν3PO43- antisymmetric stretching mode. Raman bands in the ν4 out of plane bending modes of the PO43- unit support the concept of non-equivalent phosphate units in the kapundaite structure.

In the 2600–3800 cm−1 spectral range, Raman bands for kapundaite are found at 2905, 3151, 3311, 3449 and 3530 cm−1. These bands are broad and are assigned to OH stretching vibrations. Broad infrared bands are also found at 2904, 3105, 3307, 3453 and 3523 cm−1 and are attributed to water. Raman spectroscopy complimented with infrared spectroscopy has enabled aspects of the structure of kapundaite to be ascertained and compared with that of other phosphate minerals.

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ID Code: 65735
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Kapundaite, Wardite, Phosphate, Hydroxyl, Raman spectroscopy, Infrared
DOI: 10.1016/j.saa.2013.11.020
ISSN: 13861425
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600) > Structural Chemistry and Spectroscopy (030606)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Copyright Statement: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Spectrochimica Acta Part A. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Spectrochimica Acta Part A, [Volume 122, (25 March 2014)] DOI: 10.1016/j.saa.2013.11.020
Deposited On: 08 Jan 2014 00:43
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2016 07:52

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