Association between postmenopausal osteoporosis and experimental periodontitis

Luo, Kai, Ma, Souzhi, Guo, Jianbin, Huang, Yongling, Yan, Fuhua, & Xiao, Yin (2014) Association between postmenopausal osteoporosis and experimental periodontitis. BioMed Research International, 2014(316134).

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To investigate the correlation between postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO) and the pathogenesis of periodontitis, ovariectomized rats were generated and the experimental periodontitis was induced using a silk ligature. The inflammatory factors and bone metabolic markers were measured in the serum and periodontal tissues of ovariectomized rats using an automatic chemistry analyzer, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays, and immunohistochemistry. The bone mineral density of whole body, pelvis, and spine was analyzed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and image analysis. All data were analyzed using SPSS 13.0 statistical software. It was found that ovariectomy could upregulate the expression of interleukin- (IL-)6, the receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL), and osteoprotegerin (OPG) and downregulate IL-10 expression in periodontal tissues, which resulted in progressive alveolar bone loss in experimental periodontitis. This study indicates that changes of cytokines and bone turnover markers in the periodontal tissues of ovariectomized rats contribute to the damage of periodontal tissues.

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4 citations in Scopus
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2 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 65839
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO), periodontitis, nuclear factor-κB (RANK), RANK ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), IL-10, IL-6
DOI: 10.1155/2014/316134
ISSN: 2314-6133
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Kai Luo et al.
Copyright Statement: This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Deposited On: 12 Feb 2014 22:34
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2014 08:43

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