Improved vectors for Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of monocot plants

Wang, M. B., Li, Z. Y., Matthews, P. R., Upadhyaya, N. M., & Waterhouse, P. M. (1998) Improved vectors for Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of monocot plants. Acta Horticulturae, 461, pp. 401-408.

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A series of improved vectors have been constructed that are suitable for use in Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated monocot transformation. These binary vectors have several useful features, including the selectable marker genes bar (phosphinothricin resistance) or hph (hygromycin resistance) driven by either the cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) 35S promoter or the maize ubiquitin promoter, a high-copy-number replication origin that allows reliable mini-prep DNA isolation from Escherichia coli, and a polylinker sequence into which target genes can be easily inserted. A significant improvement has been made to the hph gene by the introduction of an intron into its coding region. The presence of the intron abolishes hph expression in A. tumefaciens, rendering the bacterium susceptible to the selective agent hygromycin B. The use of such an intron-hph vector thus enables the antibiotic in plant culture media to function as both a selective agent for transformed tissue and as a contraselective agent for A. tumefaciens growth, thus minimising the overgrowth of A. tumefaciens on plant tissues during transformation. Furthermore, the intron appears to be correctly spliced in plant cells and significantly enhances hph expression in transformed rice tissue. In our experiments, the use of the intron-hph vector increased the frequency of rice transformation and has enabled the production of transgenic barley.

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ID Code: 65850
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Barley, Hygromycin resistance, Intron insertion, Monocot transformation, Rice
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000) > PLANT BIOLOGY (060700)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Earth, Environmental & Biological Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 09 Jan 2014 07:40
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2014 07:47

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