In vitro assessment of surface congruency and integration of chondrocytes at adjacent edges of micro-fabricated clefts on cartilage

Heidarkhan Tehrani, Ashkan, Jaiprakash, Anjali, Singh, Sanjleena, & Oloyede, Adekunle (2014) In vitro assessment of surface congruency and integration of chondrocytes at adjacent edges of micro-fabricated clefts on cartilage. In 23rd Annual Conference of the Australasian Society of Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering, 22-24 April 2014, Mantra Resort Lorne, Victoria, Australia.


Osteochondral grafts are common treatment options for joint focal defects due to their excellent functionality. However, the difficulty is matching the topography of host and graft(s) surfaces flush to one another. Incongruence could lead to disintegration particularly when the gap reaches subchondoral region. The aim of this study is therefore to investigate cell response to gap geometry when forming cartilage-cartilage bridge at the interface. The question is what would be the characteristics of such a gap if the cells could bridge across to fuse the edges? To answer this, osteochondral plugs devoid of host cells were prepared through enzymatic decellularization and artificial clefts of different sizes were created on the cartilage surface using laser ablation. High density pellets of heterologous chondrocytes were seeded on the defects and cultured with chondrogenic differentiation media for 35 days. The results showed that the behavior of chondrocytes was a function of gap topography. Depending on the distance of the edges two types of responses were generated. Resident cells surrounding distant edges demonstrated superficial attachment to one side whereas clefts of 150 to 250 µm width experienced cell migration and anchorage across the interface. The infiltration of chondrocytes into the gaps provided extra space for their proliferation and laying matrix; as the result faster filling of the initial void space was observed. On the other hand, distant and fit edges created an incomplete healing response due to the limited ability of differentiated chondrocytes to migrate and incorporate within the interface. It seems that the initial condition of the defects and the curvature profile of the adjacent edges were the prime determinants of the quality of repair; however, further studies to reveal the underlying mechanisms of cells adapting to and modifying the new environment would be of particular interest.

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ID Code: 65993
Item Type: Conference Item (Poster)
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Please consult the authors
Deposited On: 13 Jan 2014 00:11
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2014 04:15

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