Prevalence of risk factors for undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnoea is high in truck drivers on UK roads

Filtness, A.J., Reyner, L.A., & Horne, J.A. (2011) Prevalence of risk factors for undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnoea is high in truck drivers on UK roads. In WorldSleep 2011 : New Horizons of Sleep Research for our Planet, 16 to 20 October 2011, ICC, Kyoto. (Unpublished)

Abstract

Objectives

To determine the prevalence of symptoms and risk factors of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in truck drivers at a UK large truck stop.

Methods

Over a 5 day period, truck drivers completed a short questionnaire at a major UK ‘truck stop’. The questionnaire asked about OSA rist factors and symptoms, and included the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS). Additionally, measurements of height, weight and collar size were taken. 148 truck drivers participated and within this random group the risk factors of OSA that were looked for were:men age over 40 y, obesity, parge neck circumference, smoking, high ESS and bed partner reporting snoring with witnessed apnoeas.

Results

Our sample were all men, with 82% aged over 40 y. 47% were obese (compared with 23% for UK men in general) and average neck circumference was 42 cm (compared with 38 cm for UK men in general – Martin et al 1997). 31% smoked (vs 21% for general population), and ESS averaged 2.1 points higher than expected for a healthy population (Johns et al 1997). Snoring was quite evident at 57% (compared wth 40% for men in general) and witnessed apnoeas were almost double (7%) compared with 3.8% given by Ohayon et al (1997) generally for men.

Conclusion

8 key symptoms and risk factors of OSA have been found to be prevalent in a sample of truck drivers on UK roads, and to greater extent that for estimates in the general male population. Bed partners of truck drivers reporting witnessed apnoeas strongly suggests this group has a high potential for undiagnosed OSA. OSA sufferers are known to be at high risk of causing road traffi c accidents. This, together with the large size of trucks, then the potential for serious road crashes is great. Truck drivers, especially those who are obese, ought to be a high priority population for OSA screening.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 66403
Item Type: Conference Item (Poster)
Refereed: No
Additional Information: At the time of presentation Ashleigh Filtness was affiliated with the Sleep Research Centre, Loughborough University and the Accident Research Centre, Monash University
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Obstructive Sleep Apnoea, Truck drivers
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2011 The Author(s)
Deposited On: 22 Jan 2014 00:13
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2014 00:13

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