Dry powder inhaler formulations-effect of polymer carrier size on the drug dispersion

Tuli, Rinku, Dargaville, Tim R., George, Graeme A., & Islam, Nazrul (2013) Dry powder inhaler formulations-effect of polymer carrier size on the drug dispersion. Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery, 26(5), A-3.

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The size of the carrier influences the aerosolization of drug from a dry powder inhaler (DPI) formulation. Currently, lactose monohydrate particles in a variety of sizes are preferably used in carrier based DPI formulations of various drugs; however, contradictory reports exist regarding the effect of the size of the carrier on the dispersion of drug. In this study we examined the influence of the intrinsic particle size of the polymeric carrier on the aerosolization of a model drug salbutamol sulphate (SS).


Four different sizes (20–150 lm) of polymer carriers were fabricated using solvent evaporation technique and the dispersion of SS particles from these carriers was measured by a Twin Stage Impinger (TSI). The size and morphological properties of polymer carriers were by laser diffraction and SEM, respectively.


The FPF from these carriers was found to be increasing from 5.6% to 21.3% with increasing the carrier size. The FPF was found to be greater (21%) with the highest particle size of the carrier (150 lm).


The aerosolization of drug was dependent on the size of polymer carriers. The smaller size of the carrier resulted in lower FPF which was increased with increasing the carrier size. For a fixed mass of drug particles in a formulation, the mass of drug particles per unit area of carriers is higher in formulations containing the larger carriers, which leads to an increase in the dispersion of drug due to the increased mechanical forces occurred between the carriers and the device walls.

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ID Code: 66445
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
ISSN: 1941-2711
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > Schools > School of Clinical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 22 Jan 2014 01:26
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2014 00:10

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