Prediction of driving safety in individuals with homonymous hemianopia and quadrantanopia from clinical neuro-imaging

Vaphiades, Michael S., Kline, Lanning B., McGwin Jr., Gerald, Owsley, Cynthia, Shah, Ritu, & Wood, Joanne M. (2014) Prediction of driving safety in individuals with homonymous hemianopia and quadrantanopia from clinical neuro-imaging. Journal of Ophthalmology, 2014, pp. 1-6.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine whether it is possible to predict driving safety in individuals with homonymous hemianopia or quadrantanopia based upon a clinical review of neuro-images that are routinely available in clinical practice.

METHODS: Two experienced neuro-ophthalmologists viewed a summary report of the CT/MRI scans of 16 participants with homonymous hemianopic or quadrantanopic field defects which provided information regarding the site and extent of the lesion and made predictions regarding whether they would be safe/unsafe to drive. Driving safety was defined using two independent measures: (1) The potential for safe driving was defined based upon whether the participant was rated as having the potential for safe driving, determined through a standardized on-road driving assessment by a certified driving rehabilitation specialist conducted just prior and (2) state recorded motor vehicle crashes (all crashes and at-fault). Driving safety was independently defined at the time of the study by state recorded motor vehicle crashes (all crashes and at-fault) recorded over the previous 5 years, as well as whether the participant was rated as having the potential for safe driving, determined through a standardized on-road driving assessment by a certified driving rehabilitation specialist.

RESULTS: The ability to predict driving safety was highly variable regardless of the driving outcome measure, ranging from 31% to 63% (kappa levels ranged from -0.29 to 0.04). The level of agreement between the neuro-ophthalmologists was also only fair (kappa =0.28).

CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that clinical evaluation of summary reports currently available neuro-images by neuro-ophthalmologists is not predictive of driving safety. Future research should be directed at identifying and/or developing alternative tests or strategies to better enable clinicians to make these predictions.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 66780
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Published online open access journal/ Article ID 754042
Keywords: driving safety, homonymous hemianopia, quadrantanopia, imaging
DOI: 10.1155/2014/754042
ISSN: 2090-004X
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Optometry & Vision Science
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Please consult the authors
Deposited On: 30 Jan 2014 23:29
Last Modified: 19 May 2014 04:37

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