Differential Regulation of Clusterin Isoforms by the Androgen Receptor
Day, Tanya K., Nelson, Colleen C., & Gleave, Martin E. (2009) Differential Regulation of Clusterin Isoforms by the Androgen Receptor. In Mohler, James & Tindall, Donald (Eds.) Androgen Action in Prostate Cancer. Springer US, pp. 681-700.
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Clusterin (CLU) was initially reported as an androgen-repressed gene which is now shown to be an androgen-regulated ATP-independent cytoprotective molecular chaperone. CLU binds to a wide variety of client proteins to potently inhibit stress-induced protein aggregation and chaperone or stabilise conformations of proteins at times of cell stress. CLU is an enigmatic protein, being ascribed both pro- and anti-apoptotic roles. Recent evidence has shown that both secreted (sCLU) and nuclear (nCLU) isoforms can be produced, and that protein function is dependent on the sub-cellular localisation. We and others have shown that sCLU is cytoprotective, while nCLU is pro-apoptotic. It now seems likely that the apparently dichotomous functions of CLU result from the expression of different but related CLU isoforms and splice variants, and that cell survival depends in part on the relative expression of pro- versus anti-apoptotic CLU proteins. In cancer cells, increased sCLU expression is associated with increased resistance to apoptotic triggers and treatment resistance. CLU is a stress-induced protein upregulated after apoptotic triggers like androgen ablation and chemotherapy. Treatment strategies targeting stress-associated increases in sCLU expression enhance treatment-induced apoptosis and delay the emergence of androgen independence. Differential regulation of CLU isoforms and splice variants by androgens may be a pathway whereby cancer cells develop treatment resistance and evade apoptosis.
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|Item Type:||Book Chapter|
|Keywords:||Clusterin, Prostate Cancer, Androgen Receptor|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > ONCOLOGY AND CARCINOGENESIS (111200)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > ONCOLOGY AND CARCINOGENESIS (111200) > Cancer Cell Biology (111201)
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Biomedical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2009 Springer Science + Business Media, LLC|
|Deposited On:||05 Feb 2014 01:20|
|Last Modified:||29 May 2014 05:35|
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