The efficacy of Aloe vera, tea tree oil and saliva as first aid treatment for partial thickness burn injuries

Cuttle, Leila, Kempf, Margit, Kravchuk, Olena, George, Narelle, Liu, Pei-Yun, Chang, Hong-En, Mill, Julie, Wang, Xue-Qing, & Kimble, Roy M. (2008) The efficacy of Aloe vera, tea tree oil and saliva as first aid treatment for partial thickness burn injuries. Burns, 34(8), pp. 1176-82.

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Abstract

Many alternative therapies are used as first aid treatment for burns, despite limited evidence supporting their use. In this study, Aloe vera, saliva and a tea tree oil impregnated dressing (Burnaid) were applied as first aid to a porcine deep dermal contact burn, compared to a control of nothing. After burn creation, the treatments were applied for 20 min and the wounds observed at weekly dressing changes for 6 weeks. Results showed that the alternative treatments did significantly decrease subdermal temperature within the skin during the treatment period. However, they did not decrease the microflora or improve re-epithelialisation, scar strength, scar depth or cosmetic appearance of the scar and cannot be recommended for the first aid treatment of partial thickness burns.

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18 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 67194
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: *Aloe, Animals, Bandages, Burns/*therapy, Cicatrix, Complementary Therapies/methods, First Aid/methods, Models, Animal, *Phytotherapy, Plant Preparations/*therapeutic use, *Saliva, Skin/injuries/microbiology, Swine, Tea Tree Oil/*therapeutic use, Treatment Outcome, Wound Healing
DOI: 10.1016/j.burns.2008.03.012
ISSN: 1879-1409 (Electronic)0305-4179 (Linking)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Biomedical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2008 Pergamon
Deposited On: 27 Feb 2014 00:34
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2014 02:06

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