Prevention of Alcohol-Related Crime and Trauma (PACT) : brief interventions in routine care pathway – a study protocol

Jayaraj, Rama, Whitty, Megan, Thomas, Mahiban, Kavanagh, David J., Palmer, Didier, Thomson, Valerie, Griffin, Carolyn, Mayo, Luke, D’Abbs, Peter, & Nagel, Tricia (2013) Prevention of Alcohol-Related Crime and Trauma (PACT) : brief interventions in routine care pathway – a study protocol. BMC Public Health, 13(49).

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Globally, alcohol-related injuries cause millions of deaths and huge economic loss each year . The incidence of facial (jawbone) fractures in the Northern Territory of Australia is second only to Greenland, due to a strong involvement of alcohol in its aetiology, and high levels of alcohol consumption. The highest incidences of alcohol-related trauma in the Territory are observed amongst patients in the Maxillofacial Surgery Unit of the Royal Darwin Hospital. Accordingly, this project aims to introduce screening and brief interventions into this unit, with the aims of changing health service provider practice, improving access to care, and improving patient outcomes.


Establishment of Project Governance: The project governance team includes a project manager, project leader, an Indigenous Reference Group (IRG) and an Expert Reference Group (ERG).

Development of a best practice pathway: PACT project researchers collaborate with clinical staff to develop a best practice pathway suited to the setting of the surgical unit. The pathway provides clear guidelines for screening, assessment, intervention and referral.

Implementation: The developed pathway is introduced to the unit through staff training workshops and associate resources and adapted in response to staff feedback.

Evaluation: File audits, post workshop questionnaires and semi-structured interviews are administered.


This project allows direct transfer of research findings into clinical practice and can inform future hospital-based injury prevention strategies.

Impact and interest:

5 citations in Scopus
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4 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 67310
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Prevention, Alcohol, Trauma
DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-49
ISSN: 1471-2458
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Jayaraj et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
Copyright Statement: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Deposited On: 13 Feb 2014 04:42
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2014 03:30

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