Developing an acculturation and resilience scale for use with culturally and linguistically diverse populations

Khawaja, Nigar, Moisuc, Olga, & Ramirez, Elvia (2014) Developing an acculturation and resilience scale for use with culturally and linguistically diverse populations. Australian Psychologist, 49(3), pp. 171-180.

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Australian multicultural society consists of culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) migrants, refugees and international students from different parts of the world. Despite hardships, these individuals show resilience and adapt successfully. However, there is a dearth of scales measuring these positive developments and personal strengths. The study describes the development and evaluation of a scale measuring resilience and acculturation of CALD people. Items were generated for the Acculturation and Resilience Scale (AARS).The AARS and other acculturation and psychological distress scales were administered to 225 CALD community members. Exploratory factor analyses resulted in a 27-item AARS with three subscales: Acculturation, Resilience, and Spirituality. The three-factor structure was subjected to a confirmatory factor analysis on a sample of 515 international students. The factor structure stability was upheld by the second sample. The psychometric properties were investigated using the two samples and demonstrated satisfactory internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and divergent validity. The scale addresses a major gap in the literature and can be used to measure the positive acculturation and resilience of the newly arrived and relocated individuals. Further research is warranted to examine the scale’s psychometric properties with migrants and refugees from a range of ethnic communities.

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ID Code: 67372
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Acknowledgement: The authors would like to thank John Dawson, Yu-Chi Kuo, from School of Psychology and Counselling, Queensland University of Technology and Rita Prasad-Ildes, Farah Suleman and Gilles Forget, from Queensland Transcultural Mental Health Centre, Brisbane, Australia, for their extensive help in item generation and refinement and data collection. Finally, special thanks to all the participants for completing the questionnaires.
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Keywords: Acculturation, resiliency, scale, migrants, international students, culturally and linguistically diverse
DOI: 10.1111/ap.12052
ISSN: 0005-0067
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 The Australian Psychological Society
Deposited On: 13 Feb 2014 22:39
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2014 20:55

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