Self-efficacy partially mediates between social support and health-related quality of life in family caregivers for dementia patients in Shanghai

Zhang, S, Edwards, H, Yates, P, Li, C, & Guo, Q (2014) Self-efficacy partially mediates between social support and health-related quality of life in family caregivers for dementia patients in Shanghai. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 37(1-2), pp. 34-44.

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Background: There is a paucity of research assessing health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and self-efficacy in caregivers of relatives with dementia in mainland China. Aims: To compare the level of HRQoL between caregivers and the general population in mainland China and to assess the role of caregiver self-efficacy in the relationship between caregiver social support and HRQoL. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Shanghai, China. The caregivers were recruited from the outpatient department of a teaching hospital. A total of 195 participants were interviewed, using a survey package including the Chinese version of the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), demographic data, the variables associated with the impairments of care recipients, perceived social support and caregiver self-efficacy. The caregivers' SF-36 scores were compared with those of the general population in China. Results: The results indicated that the HRQoL of the caregivers was poorer compared with that of the general population when matched for age and gender. Multiple regression analyses revealed that caregiver self-efficacy is a partial mediator between social support and HRQoL, and a partial mediator between behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) and caregiver mental health. Conclusion: Assisting with managing BPSD and enhancing caregiver self-efficacy can be considered integral parts of interventions to improve caregiver HRQoL.

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ID Code: 67392
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1159/000351865
ISSN: 1421-9824
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Nursing
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Deposited On: 17 Feb 2014 00:50
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2014 04:41

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