Determinants of the frequency of contact lens wear

Morgan, Philip B., Efron, Nathan, Woods, Craig A., & The International Contact Lens Prescribing Survey Consortium, (2013) Determinants of the frequency of contact lens wear. Eye and Contact Lens, 39(3), pp. 200-204.

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Abstract

Objectives

To characterize and discover the determinants of the frequency of wear (FOW) of contact lenses.

Methods

Survey forms were sent to contact lens fitters in up to 40 countries between January and March every year for 5 consecutive years (2007–2011). Practitioners were asked to record data relating to the first 10 contact lens fits or refits performed after receiving the survey form. Only data for daily wear lens fits were analyzed.

Results

Data were collected in relation to 74,510 and 9,014 soft and rigid lens fits, respectively. Overall, FOW was 5.9±1.7 days per week (DPW). When considering the proportion of lenses worn between one to seven DPW, the distribution for rigid lenses is skewed toward full-time wear (7 DPW), whereas the distribution for soft daily disposable lenses is perhaps bimodal, with large and small peaks at seven and two DPW, respectively. There is a significant variation in FOW among nations (P<0.0001), ranging from 6.8±1.0 DPW in Greece to 5.1±2.5 DPW in Kuwait. For soft lenses, FOW increases with decreasing age. Females (6.0±1.6 DPW) wear lenses more frequently than males (5.8±1.7 DPW) (P=0.0002). FOW is greater among those wearing presbyopic corrections (6.1±1.4 DPW) compared with spherical (5.9±1.7 DPW) and toric (5.9±1.6 DPW) designs (P<0.0001). FOW with hydrogel peroxide systems (6.4±1.1 DPW) was greater than that with multipurpose systems (6.2±1.3 DPW) (P<0.0001).

Conclusions

Numerous demographic and contact lens–related factors impact FOW. There may be a future trend toward a lower FOW associated with the increasing popularity of daily disposable lenses.

Impact and interest:

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1 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 67432
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Adult, Age Distribution, Contact Lenses/statistics & numerical data/*utilization, Female, Health Care Surveys, Humans, Internationality, Male, Optometry/statistics & numerical data, Prescriptions/statistics & numerical data, Time Factors
DOI: 10.1097/ICL.0b013e31827a7ad3
ISSN: 1542-2321
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Optometry & Vision Science
Deposited On: 17 Feb 2014 22:36
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2014 23:15

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