The nature and correlates of young women's peer-directed protective behavioral strategies

Armstrong, Kerry, Watling, Hanna, & Buckley, Lisa (2014) The nature and correlates of young women's peer-directed protective behavioral strategies. Addictive Behaviors, 39(5), pp. 1000-1005.

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Abstract

Objective

Recently, a number of studies have identified self-employed Protective Behavioral Strategies (PBS) as effective in decreasing the level of alcohol-related harm among young people. However, much of the published research has ignored important gender differences, such as women's increased tendency to rely on PBS that are social in nature. To further the understanding of women's PBS, the current study sought to investigate the nature and correlates of the strategies young women employ to keep their friends safe when drinking (i.e., peer-directed PBS).

Method

A scale measuring peer-directed PBS was developed and administered in conjunction with existing measures of alcohol consumption, personal PBS, and peer attachment. Participants consisted of 422 women aged 18–30 years, recruited among psychology students and the general public.

Results

Exploratory factor analysis revealed two clusters of peer-directed PBS; those that were aimed at reducing intoxication among one's friends and those that were designed to minimize alcohol-related harms. Further analysis found a positive relationship between women's tendency to implement personal and peer-directed PBS and that risky drinkers were less likely to engage in personal or peer-directed PBS (either type).

Conclusion

Findings indicate that personal and peer-directed PBS are related behaviors that are less frequently adopted by risky drinkers.

Impact and interest:

1 citations in Scopus
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ID Code: 67587
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: women drinking, peer-directed protective behavioral strategies, alcohol, young women, protective behaviors
DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.01.017
ISSN: 1873-6327
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Health Clinical and Counselling Psychology (170106)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Copyright Statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Addictive Behaviors. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Addictive Behaviors, Volume 39, Issue 5, (May 2014) DOI: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.01.017
Deposited On: 27 Feb 2014 02:11
Last Modified: 10 May 2016 08:26

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