Do the kinematics of a baulked take-off in springboard diving differ from those of a completed dive

Barris, Sian, Farrow, Damian, & Davids, Keith (2013) Do the kinematics of a baulked take-off in springboard diving differ from those of a completed dive. Journal of Sports Sciences, 31(3), pp. 305-313.

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Abstract

Consistency and invariance in movements are traditionally viewed as essential features of skill acquisition and elite sports performance. This emphasis on the stabilization of action has resulted in important processes of adaptation in movement coordination during performance being overlooked in investigations of elite sport performance. Here we investigate whether differences exist between the movement kinematics displayed by five, elite springboard divers (age 17 ± 2.4 years) in the preparation phases of baulked and completed take-offs. The two-dimensional kinematic characteristics of the reverse somersault take-off phases (approach and hurdle) were recorded during normal training sessions and used for intra-individual analysis. All participants displayed observable differences in movement patterns at key events during the approach phase; however, the presence of similar global topological characteristics suggested that, overall, participants did not perform distinctly different movement patterns during completed and baulked dives. These findings provide a powerful rationale for coaches to consider assessing functional variability or adaptability of motor behaviour as a key criterion of successful performance in sports such as diving.

Impact and interest:

8 citations in Scopus
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6 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 67693
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Diving, adaptive movement variability, ecological dynamics, practice task design
DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2012.733018
ISSN: 0264-0414
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Taylor & Francis
Copyright Statement: is is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in Journal of Sports Sciences [Volume 31, Issue 3, 2013] [copyright Taylor & Francis], available online at: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/02640414.2012.733018
Deposited On: 23 Feb 2014 23:11
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2014 00:43

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