Inflammation in lung carcinogenesis
Baird, Anne-Marie, Gray , Steven G., & O'Byrne, Kenneth J. (2013) Inflammation in lung carcinogenesis. In Gately, K. (Ed.) Lung Cancer : A Comprehensive Overview. Nova Science Publishers, Inc., New York, pp. 193-216.
It was Dvorak in 1986 that postulated 'tumours are wounds that do not heal' as they share common cellular and molecular mechanisms, which are active in both wounds and in cancer tissue. Inflammation is a crucial part of the innate immune system that protects against pathogens and initiates adaptive immunity. Acute inflammation is usually a rapid and self-limiting process, however it does not always resolve. This leads to the establishment of a chronic inflammatory state and provides the perfect environment for carcinogenesis. Inflammation and cancer have long had an association, going back as far as Virchow in 1863, when leucocytes were noted in neoplastic tissue. It has been estimated that approximately 25% of all malignancies are initiated or exacerbated by inflammation caused by infectious agents. Furthermore, inflammation is linked to all of the six hallmarks of cancer (evasion of apoptosis, insensitivity to anti-growth signals, unlimited replicative potential, angiogenesis, increase in survival factors and invasion and metastasis). It is thought that inflammation may play a critical role in lung carcinogenesis given that individuals with inflammatory lung conditions have an increased risk of lung cancer development. Cigarette smoking can also induce inflammation in the lung and smokers are at a higher risk of developing lung cancer than non-smokers. However, exposure to a number of environmental agents such as radon, have also been demonstrated as a causative factor in this disease. This chapter will focus on inflammation as a contributory factor in non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), concentrating primarily on the pathological involvement of the pro-inflammatory cytokines, TNF-α, IL-1β, and the CXC (ELR+) chemokine family. Targeting of inflammatory mediators will also be discussed as a therapeutic strategy in this disease. © 2013 by Nova Science Publishers, Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Item Type:||Book Chapter|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > ONCOLOGY AND CARCINOGENESIS (111200)|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Biomedical Sciences
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
|Deposited On:||26 Feb 2014 01:14|
|Last Modified:||25 Oct 2015 16:09|
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