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Nanoceramics and Nanoceramic Composites for Biomedical Applications

Miao, Xigeng & Gorring, Nicholas M. (2007) Nanoceramics and Nanoceramic Composites for Biomedical Applications. In Tseng, Tseung-Yuen & Nalwa, Hari Singh (Eds.) Handbook of Nanoceramics and Their Based Nanodevices. American Scientific Publishers. (In Press)

Abstract

With the emerging nanoscience and nanotechnology, ceramics and ceramic-based composites have advanced into revolutionary nanoceramics and nanoceramic composites. There has been intensive research and development on the nanoceramics and nanoceramic composites for various mechanical, electrical, chemical, optical, magnetic, and biomedical applications. This paper is to review the current achievements in the fabrication and characterisation of various nanoceramics and nanoceramic composites for biomedical applications. Double emulsion techniques have been developed to produce ceramic nanoparticles, which can be modified with organic, polymeric, and/ or biological species for gene delivery and drug delivery. Nanoceramics and nanoceramic composites in the bulk form are also made possible due to the development of new processing techniques such as magnetic pulsed compaction, ultrahigh pressure compaction, spark plasma sintering, etc., which ensure the full densification of ceramic nanoparticles without significant grain growth. Nanoceramics and nanoceramic composites exhibit unique processing, mechanical, and surface characteristics such as superplasticity, machinability, strength, toughness, bioactivity, etc. due to the fine grain size, abundant grain boundaries, controllable crystallinity, etc. Nevertheless, there are still needs to explore the nanostructure-property relationships and the interactions between nanoceramics and organic, polymeric, and biological systems in the nanometer scale.

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ID Code: 6788
Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: For more information about this book please refer to the publisher's website (link above) or contact the author: x.miao@qut.edu.au
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Nanoparticles, nanofibers, nanoporous coating, nanoceramics, nanocomposites, gene delivery, implants, scaffolds
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300) > Biomaterials (090301)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MATERIALS ENGINEERING (091200) > Ceramics (091201)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 American Scientific Publishers.
Deposited On: 10 Apr 2007
Last Modified: 20 May 2010 01:58

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