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Porous alumina ceramics prepared by slurry infiltration of expanded polystyrene beads

Liu, Jianli & Miao, Xigeng (2005) Porous alumina ceramics prepared by slurry infiltration of expanded polystyrene beads. Journal of Materials Science, 40(23), pp. 6145-6150.

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Abstract

To produce highly porous MgO-doped alumina (Al2O3) ceramics, expanded polystyrene (EPS) beads were packed as a pore former and well-dispersed alumina slurry was used to infiltrate the pore space in the EPS bead compacts. The alumina particle-EPS bead green compacts were then heated to 1550 degrees Celsius in air to burn out the pore former and subsequently densify the MgO-doped alumina struts. The porous Al2O3 ceramics were featured with uniformly distributed open pore structures with porosities ranging from 72 % to 78 % and pore interconnectivity of about 96 %. The macropore size and the pore window size could be controlled by adjusting the size of the EPS beads and the contacting area between the EPS beads. The compressive strengths of the porous Al2O3 ceramics were in the range of 5.5 MPa - 7.5 MPa, similar to those of cancellous bones (2-12 MPa). The porous alumina ceramics were further made bioactive after the coating of sol-gel derived 58S bioglass powder, followed by sintering at 1200 degrees Celsius.

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21 citations in Scopus
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16 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 6793
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Alumina, Slurry infiltration, Porosity, Compressive strength, Bioactive coating
DOI: 10.1007/s10853-005-3165-3
ISSN: 1573-4803
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300) > Biomaterials (090301)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MATERIALS ENGINEERING (091200) > Ceramics (091201)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2005 Springer
Copyright Statement: The original publication is available at SpringerLink http://www.springerlink.com
Deposited On: 29 Mar 2007
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:28

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