Analysis of traffic injury severity in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Kamruzzaman, Md., Haque, Md. Mazharul, & Washington, Simon (2014) Analysis of traffic injury severity in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Transportation Research Record, 2451, pp. 121-130.

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Abstract

This research identifies roadway, traffic, and environmental factors that influence the injury severity of road traffic crashes in Dhaka. Dhaka provides a rather unusual driving risk environment to study, since virtually anyone can obtain a drivers’ license and very little traffic enforcement and fines are given when drivers violate traffic rules. To examine this city with presumed heightened crash severity risk, police reported crash data from 2007 to 2011 containing about 2714 road traffic crashes were collected. The injury severity of traffic crashes—recorded as either fatal, serious injury, or property damage only—were modeled using an ordered Probit model. Significant factors increasing the probability of fatal injuries include crashes along highways (65%), absence of a road divider (80%), crashes during night time (54%), and vehicle-pedestrian collisions (367%); whereas two-way traffic configuration (21%), and traffic police controlled schemes (41%) decrease the probability of fatalities. Both similarities and differences of the findings between crash risk in Dhaka and developed countries are discussed in policy relevant terms.

Impact and interest:

2 citations in Scopus
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1 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 68010
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Injury Severity, Traffic Crashes, Developing Country, Dhaka, Ordered Probit Model
DOI: 10.3141/2451-14
ISSN: 0361-1981
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES (010000) > STATISTICS (010400) > Applied Statistics (010401)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING (120500) > Transport Planning (120506)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING (120500) > Urban Design (120508)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Transportation Research Board (US)
Deposited On: 04 Mar 2014 00:36
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2015 22:57

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