Australian baby boomers switched to more environment friendly modes of transport during the global financial crisis

Kamruzzaman, Md., Yigitcanlar, Tan, Washington, Simon, Currie, Graham, & Turrell, Gavin (2014) Australian baby boomers switched to more environment friendly modes of transport during the global financial crisis. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, Online.

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The global financial crisis (GFC) in 2008 rocked local, regional, and state economies throughout the world. Several intermediate outcomes of the GFC have been well documented in the literature including loss of jobs and reduced income. Relatively little research has, however, examined the impacts of the GFC on individual level travel behaviour change. To address this shortcoming, HABITAT panel data were employed to estimate a multinomial logit model to examine mode switching behaviour between 2007 (pre-GFC) and 2009 (post-GFC) of a baby boomers cohort in Brisbane, Australia—a city within a developed country that has been on many metrics the least affected by the GFC. In addition, a Poisson regression model was estimated to model the number of trips made by individuals in 2007, 2008, and 2009. The South East Queensland Travel Survey datasets were used to develop this model. Four linear regression models were estimated to assess the effects of the GFC on time allocated to travel during a day: one for each of the three travel modes including public transport, active transport, less environmentally friendly transport; and an overall travel time model irrespective of mode. The results reveal that individuals were more likely to switch to public transport who lost their job or whose income reduced between 2007 and 2009. Individuals also made significantly fewer trips in 2008 and 2009 compared to 2007. Individuals spent significantly less time using less environmentally friendly transport but more time using public transport in 2009. Baby boomers switched to more environmentally friendly travel modes during the GFC.

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ID Code: 68013
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Published online: 09 April 2014
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Global Financial Crisis, Mode Choice, Travel Behaviour Change, Environmentally friendly Modes of Transport, Brisbane, Australia
DOI: 10.1007/s13762-014-0564-5
ISSN: 1735-1472
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES (050000) > ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND MANAGEMENT (050200) > Environmental Impact Assessment (050204)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING (120500) > Transport Planning (120506)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ECONOMICS (140000) > ECONOMETRICS (140300) > Panel Data Analysis (140304)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ECONOMICS (140000) > ECONOMETRICS (140300) > Time-Series Analysis (140305)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Islamic Azad University (IAU)
Copyright Statement: The final publication is available at Springer via
Deposited On: 17 Mar 2014 23:11
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2014 13:56

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