Cycling for transport and recreation : associations with socio-economic position, environmental perceptions, and psychological disposition

Heesch, Kristiann, Giles-Corti, Billie, & Turrell, Gavin (2014) Cycling for transport and recreation : associations with socio-economic position, environmental perceptions, and psychological disposition. Preventive Medicine, 63, pp. 29-35.

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Interest is growing in promoting utility cycling (i.e., for transport) as a means of incorporating daily physical activity (PA) into people’s lives, but little is known about correlates of utility cycling. Our primary aim was to examine cross-sectional relationships between socio-economic characteristics, neighborhood environment perceptions and psychological disposition with utility cycling (with or without additional recreational cycling). A secondary aim was to compare these relationships with those for recreation-only cycling.


Baseline survey data (2007) from 10,233 participants in HABITAT, a multilevel longitudinal study of PA, sedentary behavior, and health in Brisbane adults aged 40-65 years, were analysed using multinomial regression modelling.


Greater income, habitual PA, and positive beliefs about PA were associated with utility and recreation-only cycling (p<0.05). Always having vehicle access and not in the labor force were associated with recreation-only cycling (p<0.05). Some or no vehicle access, part-time employment, and perceived environmental factors (little crime, few cul-de-sacs, nearby transport and recreational destinations) were associated with utility cycling (p<0.05).


Our findings suggest differences in associations between socio-economic, neighborhood perceptions and psychological factors and utility and recreation-only cycling in Brisbane residents aged 40-65 years. Tailored approaches appear to be required to promote utility and recreational cycling.

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12 citations in Scopus
11 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 68085
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: active transport, physical activity, transport cycling, health promotion, influences, correlates, determinants
DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.03.003
ISSN: 0091-7435
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Preventive Medicine. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Preventive Medicine, [Volume 63, (June 2014)] DOI: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.03.003
Deposited On: 05 Mar 2014 23:32
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2017 19:23

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