Trends in intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation: comparison of a 669 record Australian dataset with the multinational Benchmark Counterpulsation Outcomes Registry

Lewis, Peter A., Mullany, Daniel V., Townsend, Shane, Johnson, Janelle, Wood, L., Courtney, Mary D., Joseph, Debra L., & Walters, Darren (2007) Trends in intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation: comparison of a 669 record Australian dataset with the multinational Benchmark Counterpulsation Outcomes Registry. Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, 35(1), pp. 13-19.

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The aim of this study was to review and describe indications for intraaortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP) use and identify the impact these have on outcomes at an Australian cardiothoracic tertiary referral hospital. A secondary aim was comparison of the Australian practice with a large multinational IABP data registry. Patient demographics, IABP indication, IABP complication rate and mortality in 662 patients treated with IABP at The Prince Charles Hospital (TPCH), Brisbane between January 1994 and December 2004 inclusive were compared with The Benchmark Counterpulsation Outcomes Registry. Data were collected between 1994 and 2000 by retrospective patient record review and prospectively using the Benchmark database from 2001 to 2004. Statistical analysis was undertaken using SAS (v8.2) software. The mean age of patients managed with IABP at TPCH (71.6% male) was 63.4 years (SD 12.4). In-hospital mortality rate was 22% and the complication rate was 10.3%. TPCH indications for IABP were: weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass (34.2%); cardiogenic shock (24.4%); preoperative support (13%); catheter laboratory support (10.6%); refractory ventricular failure (7.3%); ischaemia related to intractable ventricular arrhythmias (4.5%); unstable refractory angina (4%); mechanical complications due to acute myocardial infarction (1.2%); and other (0.4%) (0.4% not reported). In comparison to Benchmark, IABP at TPCH demonstrated a prejudice toward intraoperative use (34.2% versus 16.6%; P=<0.0001) and an aversion to catheter laboratory support (10.6% versus 19%; P=<0.0001). TPCH and Benchmark IABP outcomes demonstrated comparable mortality (22% versus 20.8%; P=ns) but increased TPCH complications (10.3% versus 6.2%; P=<0.0001) owing to a 2% difference in observed insertion site bleeding.

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10 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 6815
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: assisted circulation, cardiac output, low, shock, myocardial ischaemia, thoracic surgery, records
ISSN: 0310-057X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > CARDIOVASCULAR MEDICINE AND HAEMATOLOGY (110200) > Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases) (110201)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2007 The Australian Society of Anaesthestists Limited
Copyright Statement: Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.
Deposited On: 30 Mar 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:37

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