Retailer-driven agricultural restructuring - Australia, the UK and Norway in comparison

Richards, Carol, Bjorkhaug, Hilde, Lawrence, Geoffrey, & Hickman, Emmy (2013) Retailer-driven agricultural restructuring - Australia, the UK and Norway in comparison. Agriculture and Human Values, 30(2), pp. 235-245.

View at publisher

Abstract

In recent decades, the governance of food safety, food quality, on-farm environmental management and animal welfare has been shifting from the realm of 'the government' to that of the private sector. Corporate entities, especially the large supermarkets, have responded to neoliberal forms of governance and the resultant 'hollowed-out' state by instituting private standards for food, backed by processes of certification and policed through systems of third party auditing. Today's food regime is one in which supermarkets impose 'private standards' along the food supply chain to ensure compliance with a range of food safety goals-often above and beyond those prescribed by government. By examining regulatory governance in Australia, Norway and the United Kingdom we highlight emerging trajectories of food governance. We argue that the imposition of the new private forms of monitoring and compliance continue the project of agricultural restructuring that began with government support for structural adjustment schemes in agriculture and that these are most evident in the UK and Australia where neoliberalism is an entrenched philosophy. However, despite Norway's identity as a social democracy, we also identify neoliberal 'creep' into the system of food governance. Small-scale producers in all three nations are finding themselves increasingly subject to governance through private, market-based mechanisms that, to varying degrees, are dominated by major supermarket chains. The result is agricultural restructuring not through the traditional avenues of elected governments, but via non-elected market operatives.

Impact and interest:

8 citations in Scopus
Search Google Scholar™
7 citations in Web of Science®

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

153 since deposited on 12 Mar 2014
81 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 68211
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Private standards, Small-scale farmers, Governance, Neoliberalism, Supermarkets, System
DOI: 10.1007/s10460-012-9408-4
ISSN: 1572-8366
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Management
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2013 Springer Verlag
Copyright Statement: The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10460-012-9408-4
Deposited On: 12 Mar 2014 22:21
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2014 06:16

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page