Mapping journalism cultures across nations : a comparative study of 18 countries

Hanitzsch, Thomas, Hanusch, Folker, Mellado, Claudia, Anikina, Maria, Berganza, Rosa, Cangoz, Incilay, Coman, Mihai, Hamada, Basyouni, Hernández, María E., Karadjov, Christopher D., Moreira, Sonia V., Mwesige, Peter G., Plaisance, Patrick Lee, Reich, Zvi, Seethaler, Josef, Skewes, Elizabeth A., Vardiansyah Noor, Dani, & Yuen, Edgar Kee Wang (2011) Mapping journalism cultures across nations : a comparative study of 18 countries. Journalism Studies, 12(3), pp. 273-293.

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This article reports key findings from a comparative survey of the role perceptions, epistemological orientations and ethical views of 1800 journalists from 18 countries. The results show that detachment, non-involvement, providing political information and monitoring the government are considered essential journalistic functions around the globe. Impartiality, the reliability and factualness of information, as well as adherence to universal ethical principles are also valued worldwide, though their perceived importance varies across countries. Various aspects of interventionism, objectivism and the importance of separating facts from opinion, on the other hand, seem to play out differently around the globe. Western journalists are generally less supportive of any active promotion of particular values, ideas and social change, and they adhere more to universal principles in their ethical decisions. Journalists from non-western contexts, on the other hand, tend to be more interventionist in their role perceptions and more flexible in their ethical views.

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ID Code: 68294
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Journalism culture, ethical ideologies, journalists, survey, epistemologies, institutional roles, comparative research
DOI: 10.1080/1461670X.2010.512502
ISSN: 1469-9699
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN CREATIVE ARTS AND WRITING (190000) > JOURNALISM AND PROFESSIONAL WRITING (190300) > Journalism Studies (190301)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > LANGUAGES COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE (200000) > COMMUNICATION AND MEDIA STUDIES (200100)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Creative Industries Faculty
Current > Schools > Journalism, Media & Communication
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2011 Routledge
Deposited On: 12 Mar 2014 01:55
Last Modified: 15 May 2014 11:52

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