Statistical modelling of district-level residential electricity use in NSW, Australia
Boulaire, Fanny, Higgins, Andrew, Foliente, Greg, & McNamara, Cheryl (2014) Statistical modelling of district-level residential electricity use in NSW, Australia. Sustainability Science, 9(1), pp. 77-88.
Electricity network investment and asset management require accurate estimation of future demand in energy consumption within specified service areas. For this purpose, simple models are typically developed to predict future trends in electricity consumption using various methods and assumptions. This paper presents a statistical model to predict electricity consumption in the residential sector at the Census Collection District (CCD) level over the state of New South Wales, Australia, based on spatial building and household characteristics. Residential household demographic and building data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) and actual electricity consumption data from electricity companies are merged for 74 % of the 12,000 CCDs in the state. Eighty percent of the merged dataset is randomly set aside to establish the model using regression analysis, and the remaining 20 % is used to independently test the accuracy of model prediction against actual consumption. In 90 % of the cases, the predicted consumption is shown to be within 5 kWh per dwelling per day from actual values, with an overall state accuracy of -1.15 %. Given a future scenario with a shift in climate zone and a growth in population, the model is used to identify the geographical or service areas that are most likely to have increased electricity consumption. Such geographical representation can be of great benefit when assessing alternatives to the centralised generation of energy; having such a model gives a quantifiable method to selecting the 'most' appropriate system when a review or upgrade of the network infrastructure is required.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Electricity Demand, Network Planning, Housing, Household, Regression Analysis|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING (120500) > Urban Design (120508)|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Design
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Creative Industries Faculty
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2013 Springer Japan|
|Deposited On:||11 Mar 2014 23:28|
|Last Modified:||14 Mar 2014 00:16|
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