GNSS ambiguity resolution with controllable failure rate for long baseline network RTK

Li, Bofeng, Shen, Yunzhong, Feng, Yanming, Gao, Weiguang, & Yang, Ling (2014) GNSS ambiguity resolution with controllable failure rate for long baseline network RTK. Journal of Geodesy, 88(2), pp. 99-112.

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Abstract

Many large-scale GNSS CORS networks have been deployed around the world to support various commercial and scientific applications. To make use of these networks for real-time kinematic positioning services, one of the major challenges is the ambiguity resolution (AR) over long inter-station baselines in the presence of considerable atmosphere biases. Usually, the widelane ambiguities are fixed first, followed by the procedure of determination of the narrowlane ambiguity integers based on the ionosphere-free model in which the widelane integers are introduced as known quantities. This paper seeks to improve the AR performance over long baseline through efficient procedures for improved float solutions and ambiguity fixing. The contribution is threefold: (1) instead of using the ionosphere-free measurements, the absolute and/or relative ionospheric constraints are introduced in the ionosphere-constrained model to enhance the model strength, thus resulting in the better float solutions; (2) the realistic widelane ambiguity precision is estimated by capturing the multipath effects due to the observation complexity, leading to improvement of reliability of widelane AR; (3) for the narrowlane AR, the partial AR for a subset of ambiguities selected according to the successively increased elevation is applied. For fixing the scalar ambiguity, an error probability controllable rounding method is proposed. The established ionosphere-constrained model can be efficiently solved based on the sequential Kalman filter. It can be either reduced to some special models simply by adjusting the variances of ionospheric constraints, or extended with more parameters and constraints. The presented methodology is tested over seven baselines of around 100 km from USA CORS network. The results show that the new widelane AR scheme can obtain the 99.4 % successful fixing rate with 0.6 % failure rate; while the new rounding method of narrowlane AR can obtain the fix rate of 89 % with failure rate of 0.8 %. In summary, the AR reliability can be efficiently improved with rigorous controllable probability of incorrectly fixed ambiguities.

Impact and interest:

18 citations in Scopus
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14 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 69073
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), Continuously Operating Reference Stations (CORS), Network RTK, Ambiguity resolution (AR), Partial ambiguity resolution , Ionosphere-constrained model, Kalman filter
DOI: 10.1007/s00190-013-0670-z
ISSN: 0949-7714
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Deposited On: 24 Mar 2014 03:24
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2014 04:03

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