A spatial-indexing model for measuring neighbourhood-level land-use and transport integration

Dur, Fatih, Yigitcanlar, Tan, & Bunker, Jonathan M. (2014) A spatial-indexing model for measuring neighbourhood-level land-use and transport integration. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 41(5), pp. 792-812.

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Significant attention has been given in urban policy literature to the integration of land-use and transport planning and policies—with a view to curbing sprawling urban form and diminishing externalities associated with car-dependent travel patterns. By taking land-use and transport interaction into account, this debate mainly focuses on how a successful integration can contribute to societal well-being, providing efficient and balanced economic growth while accomplishing the goal of developing sustainable urban environments and communities. The integration is also a focal theme of contemporary urban development models, such as smart growth, liveable neighbourhoods, and new urbanism. Even though available planning policy options for ameliorating urban form and transport-related externalities have matured—owing to growing research and practice worldwide—there remains a lack of suitable evaluation models to reflect on the current status of urban form and travel problems or on the success of implemented integration policies. In this study we explore the applicability of indicator-based spatial indexing to assess land-use and transport integration at the neighbourhood level. For this, a spatial index is developed by a number of indicators compiled from international studies and trialled in Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. The results of this modelling study reveal that it is possible to propose an effective metric to determine the success level of city plans considering their sustainability performance via composite indicator methodology. The model proved useful in demarcating areas where planning intervention is applicable, and in identifying the most suitable locations for future urban development and plan amendments. Lastly, we integrate variance-based sensitivity analysis with the spatial indexing method, and discuss the applicability of the model in other urban contexts.

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ID Code: 69093
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: indicator-based sustainability assessment, land-use and transport integration, indicator, composite index, spatial indexing
DOI: 10.1068/b39028
ISSN: 1472-3417
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING (120500) > Transport Planning (120506)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING (120500) > Urban Analysis and Development (120507)
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Please consult the authors
Copyright Statement: Fatih Dur, Tan Yigitcanlar, Jonathan Bunker, 2014. The definitive, peer-reviewed and edited version of this article is published in Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, [volume, issue, pages, year, (In Press)] DOI: 10.1068/b39028
Deposited On: 24 Mar 2014 23:51
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2015 15:31

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