Nutritional influences over the life course on lean body mass of individuals in developing countries

Kulkarni, Bharati, Hills, Andrew P., & Byrne, Nuala M. (2014) Nutritional influences over the life course on lean body mass of individuals in developing countries. Nutrition Reviews, 72(3), pp. 190-204.

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Abstract

The double burden of childhood undernutrition and adult-onset adiposity in transitioning societies poses a significant public health challenge. The development of suboptimal lean body mass (LBM) could partly explain the link between these two forms of malnutrition. This review examines the evidence on both the role of nutrition in “developmental programming” of LBM and the nutritional influences that affect LBM throughout the life course. Studies from developing countries assessing the relationship of early nutrition with later LBM provide important insights. Overall, the evidence is consistent in suggesting a positive association of early nutritional status (indicated by birth weight and growth during first 2 years) with LBM in later life. Evidence on the impact of maternal nutritional supplementation during pregnancy on later LBM is inconsistent. In addition, the role of nutrients (protein, zinc, calcium, vitamin D) that can affect LBM throughout the life course is described. Promoting optimal intakes of these important nutrients throughout the life course is important for reducing childhood undernutrition as well as for improving the LBM of adults.

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5 citations in Scopus
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5 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 69150
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1111/nure.12097
ISSN: 1753-4887
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (111100) > Public Nutrition Intervention (111104)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 International Life Sciences Institute
Deposited On: 25 Mar 2014 23:37
Last Modified: 24 Apr 2015 03:06

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