Where are all the female participants in sports and exercise medicine research?

Costello, Joseph, Bieuzen, Francois, & Bleakley, Chris M. (2014) Where are all the female participants in sports and exercise medicine research? European Journal of Sport Science, 14(8), pp. 847-851.

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to estimate the ratio of male and female participants in Sports and Exercise Medicine research. Original research articles published in three major Sports and Exercise Medicine journals (Medicine and Science in Sport and Exercise, British Journal of Sports Medicine and American Journal of Sports Medicine) over a three year period were examined. Each article was screened to determine the following: total number of participants, the number of female participants and the number of male participants. The percentage of females and males per article in each of the journals was also calculated. Cross tabulations and Chi square analysis were used to compare the gender representation of participants within each of the journals. Data were extracted from 1, 382 articles involving a total of 6, 076, 705 participants. 2, 366, 998 (39%) participants were female and 3, 709, 707 (61%) male. The average percentage of female participants per article across the journals ranged from 35-37%. Females were significantly under-represented across all of the journals (X2 =23566, df=2, p<0.00001). There were no significant differences between the three journals. In conclusion, Sports and Exercise Medicine practitioners should be cognisant of sexual dimorphism and gender disparity in the current literature.

Impact and interest:

9 citations in Scopus
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9 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 69202
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Sport Medicine, Exercise, Gender Bias, Ethics, Muscle Damage, Sexual dimorphism
DOI: 10.1080/17461391.2014.911354
ISSN: 1746-1391
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE (110600)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE (110600) > Sports Medicine (110604)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 European College of Sport Science
Deposited On: 26 Mar 2014 04:26
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2015 09:19

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