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General and Specific Deterrent Effects of Traffic Enforcement Do we have to Catch Offenders to Reduce Crashes?

Tay, Richard S. (2005) General and Specific Deterrent Effects of Traffic Enforcement Do we have to Catch Offenders to Reduce Crashes? Journal of Transportation Economics and Policy, 39(2), pp. 209-223.

Abstract

The role of deterrence in economics focuses primarily on changing the individual’s perceived expected cost of engaging in an illegal activity and the primary impetus of deterrence in law enforcement is to increase the perceived certainty of apprehension and punishment. Using data from the Australian State of Queensland, this paper examined the deterrent effects of increasing the level of police presence and the apprehension rate and found that increasing either the number of random breath tests performed or the proportion of drivers tested positive for drink driving significantly reduced the number of serious crashes on the roads.

Impact and interest:

28 citations in Scopus
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23 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 6969
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal’s website (see hypertext link) or contact the author: r.tay@qut.edu.au
Additional URLs:
ISSN: 0022-5258
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Preventive Medicine (111716)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > COMMERCE MANAGEMENT TOURISM AND SERVICES (150000) > TRANSPORTATION AND FREIGHT SERVICES (150700) > Road Transportation and Freight Services (150703)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2006 University of Bath
Deposited On: 16 Apr 2007
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:13

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