Trauma, coping resources, and family functioning in emergency service personnel: a comparative study

Shakespeare-Finch, Jane E., Smith, Sandra J., & Obst, Patricia L. (2002) Trauma, coping resources, and family functioning in emergency service personnel: a comparative study. Work and Stress, 16(3), pp. 275-282.

View at publisher


In the present study a sample of male, shift-working, operational ambulance officers, were compared to a group of male shift-workers from a range of occupations in which exposure to traumatic events is not inherent in the role (N=71). Three dimensions of family functioning were examined: intimacy, conflict, and parenting styles, with respect to occupation type (i.e., work-related exposure to trauma) and accounting for personal resources (coping). Personal resources were found to elicit a significant impact on the dimensions of family functioning. Furthermore, differences emerged in the pattern of coping between the two groups. Ambulance officers demonstrated a more varied repertoire of personal resources than the control group. Social support was found to be the sole predictor of intimacy and conflict levels in the control sample. However in the ambulance group, social support was predictive of intimacy levels, rational-cognitive strategies were predictive of conflict levels, and self-care, social support, and rational-cognitive strategies were all significantly correlated with the three dimensions of family functioning.

Impact and interest:

22 citations in Scopus
12 citations in Web of Science®
Search Google Scholar™

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

ID Code: 6991
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: For more information, please refer to the journal’s website (see link) or contact the author. Author contact details:
Keywords: Trauma, Coping, Family Functioning, Ambulance, Emergency Services
DOI: 10.1080/0267837021000034584
ISSN: 0267-8373
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Industrial and Organisational Psychology (170107)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2002 Taylor Francis
Copyright Statement: First published in Work and Stress 16(3):pp. 275-282.
Deposited On: 10 Apr 2007 00:00
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2011 17:32

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page