Educational programmes for primary prevention of skin cancer (Protocol)

Langbecker, Danette H., Diaz, Abbey, Chan, Raymond, Marquart, Louise, Hevey, David, & Hamilton, Janelle (2014) Educational programmes for primary prevention of skin cancer (Protocol). The Cochrane Library, 4.

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Abstract

This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows:

To assess the effects of education programmes for skin cancer prevention in the general population.

Description of the condition

Skin cancer is a term that includes both melanoma and keratinocyte cancer. Keratinocyte cancer (also known as nonmelanoma skin cancer) generally refers to basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), although it also includes other rare cutaneous neoplasms (Madan 2010). Skin cancer is the most common cancer in populations of predominantly fair-skinned people (Donaldson 2011; Lomas 2012; Stern 2010), with incidence increasing (Garbe 2009; Leiter 2012). There are variations in annual incidence rates between these populations, with Australia reporting the highest rate of skin cancer in the world (Lomas 2012). In 2012, the estimated age-standardised incidence rate for melanoma was almost 63 per 100,000 people for Australian men, and 40 per 100,000 people for Australian women (AIHW 2012). In Europe, incidence rates range from 10 to 15 per 100,000 people (Garbe 2009; Lasithiotakis 2006), with rates highest amongst men (Stang 2006). In the United States, incidence rates are approximately 18 per 100,000 people (Garbe 2009),with the highest rates reported forwomen (Bradford 2010). Keratinocyte cancer is much more common than melanoma. In 2012, the estimated Australian age-standardised rates for BCCand SCC were 884 and 387 per 100,000 people, respectively (Staples 2006). The cumulative three-year risk of developing a subsequent keratinocyte cancer is 18% for SCC and 44% for BCC (Marcil 2000).

Impact and interest:

2 citations in Scopus
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ID Code: 69917
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: skin cancer, prevention, education
DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD011061
ISSN: 1465-1858
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Nursing
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 The Cochrane Collaboration. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Deposited On: 07 Apr 2014 22:40
Last Modified: 04 May 2016 04:28

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