Developing sustainable fish farming in the Western Pacific : a viewpoint on potential reasons for why many attempts failed
Mather, Peter (2013) Developing sustainable fish farming in the Western Pacific : a viewpoint on potential reasons for why many attempts failed. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, 36(4), iii-x.
Capture fisheries and aquaculture have been a major source of food and providers of economic benefits to many communities around the world for a very long time. While the history of aquaculture or fish farming can be traced back for more than 2000 years in some corners of the globe, notably in China, Japan and the Mediterranean, this is not true everywhere, where in general, fish farming is a relatively new industry. Rapid human population growth and increasing urbanisation over the last 20 to 40 years has meant that while fish consumption has doubled globally, returns from capture fisheries have remained static or have declined due to overexploitation and rising pollution levels, with some fisheries either closing or becoming economically unviable. Data from studies suggest that this trend is unlikely to be reversed unless appropriate fisheries management allows depleted wild stocks to rebuild. This has occurred during a time when demand for fish products has grown, in part due to improved purchasing power in some developing countries and changing dietary habits where fish are now considered to have a positive impact on health. Based on the projected population growth over the next two decades, Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) estimates that at least an additional 40 million tonnes of aquatic food will be required to maintain the current per capita consumption (FAO 2006).
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Sustainable, Fish Farming, Western Pacific|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty|
|Deposited On:||09 Apr 2014 04:05|
|Last Modified:||09 Apr 2014 23:14|
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