Reactions of simple and peptidic alpha-carboxylate radical anions with dioxygen in the gas phase

Ly, T., Kirk, B.B., Hettiarachchi, P.I., Poad, B.L.J., Trevitt, A.J., da Silva, G., & Blanksby, S.J. (2011) Reactions of simple and peptidic alpha-carboxylate radical anions with dioxygen in the gas phase. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 13(36), pp. 16314-16323.

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Abstract

alpha-Carboxylate radical anions are potential reactive intermediates in the free radical oxidation of biological molecules (e. g., fatty acids, peptides and proteins). We have synthesised well-defined alpha-carboxylate radical anions in the gas phase by UV laser photolysis of halogenated precursors in an ion-trap mass spectrometer. Reactions of isolated acetate ((center dot)CH(2)CO(2)) and 1-carboxylatobutyl (CH(3)CH(2)CH(2)(center dot)CHCO(2)(-)) radical anions with dioxygen yield carbonate (CO(3)(center dot-)) radical anions and this chemistry is shown to be a hallmark of oxidation in simple and alkyl-substituted cross-conjugated species. Previous solution phase studies have shown that C(alpha)-radicals in peptides, formed from free radical damage, combine with dioxygen to form peroxyl radicals that subsequently decompose into imine and keto acid products. Here, we demonstrate that a novel alternative pathway exists for two alpha-carboxylate C(alpha)-radical anions: the acetylglycinate radical anion (CH(3)C(O)NH(center dot)CHCO(2)(-)) and the model peptide radical anion, YGGFG(center dot-). Reaction of these radical anions with dioxygen results in concerted loss of carbon dioxide and hydroxyl radical. The reaction of the acetylglycinate radical anion with dioxygen reveals a two-stage process involving a slow, followed by a fast kinetic regime. Computational modelling suggests the reversible formation of the C(alpha) peroxyl radical facilitates proton transfer from the amide to the carboxylate group, a process reminiscent of, but distinctive from, classical proton-transfer catalysis. Interestingly, inclusion of this isomerization step in the RRKM/ME modelling of a G3SX level potential energy surface enables recapitulation of the experimentally observed two-stage kinetics.

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ID Code: 69972
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: mass-spectrometry, proton-transport, ion-trap, model, photodissociation, kinetics, acid, dissociation, reactivity, chemistry
DOI: 10.1039/c1cp20784a
ISSN: 1463-9076
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2011 Royal Society of Chemistry
Deposited On: 09 Apr 2014 04:32
Last Modified: 15 May 2014 07:00

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