The Chemistry of Mycotoxins

Bräse, Stefan, Gläser, Franziska, Kramer, Carsten, Lindner, Stephanie, Linsenmeier, Anna M., Masters, Kye-Simeon, Meister, Anne C., Ruff, Bettina M., & Zhong, Sabilla (2013) The Chemistry of Mycotoxins. Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products, 97. Springer.

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Mycotoxins – from the Greek μύκης (mykes, mukos) “fungus” and the Latin (toxicum) “poison” – are a large and growing family of secondary metabolites and hence natural products produced by fungi, in particular by molds (1). It is estimated that well over 1,000 mycotoxins have been isolated and characterized so far, but this number will increase over the next few decades due the availability of more specialized analytical tools and the increasing number of fungi being isolated. However, the most important classes of fungi responsible for these compounds are Alternaria, Aspergillus (multiple forms), Penicillium, and Stachybotrys. The biological activity of mycotoxins ranges from weak and/or sometimes positive effects such as antibacterial activity (e.g. penicillin derivatives derived from Penicillium strains) to strong mutagenic (e.g. aflatoxins, patulin), carcinogenic (e.g. aflatoxins), teratogenic, neurotoxic (e.g. ochratoxins), nephrotoxic (e.g. fumonisins, citrinin), hepatotoxic, and immunotoxic (e.g. ochratoxins, diketopiperazines) activities (1, 2), which are discussed in detail in this volume.

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ID Code: 69999
Item Type: Book
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-7091-1312-7
ISBN: 9783709113127
ISSN: 2192-4309
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: # Springer-Verlag Wien 2013
Deposited On: 10 Apr 2014 00:22
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2015 16:01

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