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Personality Profiles of Cultures: Aggregate Personality Traits

McCrae, Robert R., Terracciano, Antonio, & Shakespeare-Finch, Jane E. (2005) Personality Profiles of Cultures: Aggregate Personality Traits. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89(3), pp. 407-425.

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Abstract

The personality profiles of cultures can be operationalized as the mean trait levels of culture members. College students from 51 cultures rated an individual from their country whom they knew well (N = 12,122). Aggregate scores on Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) scales generalized across age and gender groups, yielded a close approximation to the individual-level Five-Factor Model, and correlated with aggregate self-report personality scores and other culture-level variables. Results were not attributable to national differences in economic development or to acquiescence. Geographical differences in scale variances were replicated, but appeared to be artifactual. Findings support the rough scalar equivalence of NEO-PI-R factors and facets across cultures, and suggest that aggregate personality profiles provide insight into cultural differences.

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ID Code: 7021
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional Information: QUT researcher, Dr. Jane Shakespeare-Finch, was a contributing member of the Personality Profiles of Cultures Project. Contact details: j.shakespeare-finch@qut.edu.au
Keywords: Personality, Five, Factor Model, Cross, cultural, Culture, level analyses, PROFILES OF CULTURES
DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.89.3.407
ISSN: 0022-3514
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Social and Community Psychology (170113)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Personality Abilities and Assessment (170109)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Creative Industries Faculty
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2005 American Psychological Association.
Copyright Statement: This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record
Deposited On: 16 May 2007
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:28

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