Enhancement of 1,2-dehydration of alcohols by alkali cations and protons : a model for dehydration of carbohydrates

Nimlos, Mark R., Blanksby, Stephen J., Ellison, G.Barney, & Evans, Robert J. (2003) Enhancement of 1,2-dehydration of alcohols by alkali cations and protons : a model for dehydration of carbohydrates. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 66(1-2), pp. 3-27.

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We have used electronic structure calculations to investigate the 1,2-dehydration of alcohols as a model for water loss during the pyrolysis of carbohydrates found in biomass. Reaction enthalpies and energy barriers have been calculated for neat alcohols, protonated alcohols and alcohols complexed to alkali metal ions (Li + and Na +). We have estimated pre-exponential A factors in order to obtain gas phase rate constants. For neat alcohols, the barrier to 1,2-dehydration is about 67 kcal mol -1, which is consistent with the limited experimental data. Protonation and metal complexation significantly reduce this activation barrier and thus, facilitate more rapid reaction. With the addition of alkali metals, the rate of dehydration can increase by a factor of 10 8 while addition of a proton can lead to an increase of a factor of 10 23.

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ID Code: 70215
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: 1, 2-Dehydration of alcohols, Alkali cations and protons, Dehydration of carbohydrates
DOI: 10.1016/S0165-2370(02)00103-1
ISSN: 0146-0404
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2002 Elsevier Science B.V.
Deposited On: 14 Apr 2014 05:39
Last Modified: 14 Apr 2014 05:39

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