Prospects for studying how high-intensity compression waves cause damage in human blast injuries

Brown, Katherine, Bo, Chiara, Masouros, Spyros, Ramasamy, Arul, Newell, Nicolas, Bonner, Timothy, Balzer, Jens, Hill, Adam, Clasper, Jon, Bull, Anthony, & Proud, William (2012) Prospects for studying how high-intensity compression waves cause damage in human blast injuries. In Elert, Mark L., Buttler, William T., Borg, John P., Jordan, Jennifer L., & Vogler, Tracy J. (Eds.) SHOCK COMPRESSION OF CONDENSED MATTER - 2011: Proceedings of the Conference of the American Physical Society Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter, AIP Publishing, Marriott Renaissance Hotel, Chicago, Illinois , pp. 131-134.

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Abstract

Since World War I, explosions have accounted for over 70% of all injuries in conflict. With the development of improved personnel protection of the torso, improved medical care and faster aeromedical evacuation, casualties are surviving with more severe injuries to the extremities. Understanding the processes involved in the transfer of blast-induced shock waves through biological tissues is essential for supporting efforts aimed at mitigating and treating blast injury. Given the inherent heterogeneities in the human body, we argue that studying these processes demands a highly integrated approach requiring expertise in shock physics, biomechanics and fundamental biological processes. This multidisciplinary systems approach enables one to develop the experimental framework for investigating the material properties of human tissues that are subjected to high compression waves in blast conditions and the fundamental cellular processes altered by this type of stimuli. Ultimately, we hope to use the information gained from these studies in translational research aimed at developing improved protection for those at risk and improved clinical outcomes for those who have been injured from a blast wave.

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ID Code: 70217
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: blast, blast injury, tissue damage, biomechanics, biophysics
DOI: 10.1063/1.3686238
ISBN: 9780735410060
ISSN: 0094243X
Divisions: Current > Schools > School of Chemistry, Physics & Mechanical Engineering
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Deposited On: 15 Apr 2014 00:18
Last Modified: 11 Sep 2014 02:47

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