The identification and rapid extraction of hydrocarbons from Nicotiana glauca : A potential advanced renewable biofuel source

Mortimer, Cara L., Bramley, Peter M., & Fraser, Paul D. (2012) The identification and rapid extraction of hydrocarbons from Nicotiana glauca : A potential advanced renewable biofuel source. Phytochemistry Letters, 5(3), pp. 455-458.

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Abstract

Declining fossil fuels reserves, a need for increased energy security and concerns over carbon emissions from fossil fuel use are the global drivers for alternative, renewable, biosources of fuels and chemicals. In the present study the identification of long chain (C29–C33) saturated hydrocarbons from Nicotiana glauca leaves is reported. The occurrence of these hydrocarbons was detected by gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS) and identification confirmed by comparison of physico-chemical properties displayed by the authentic standards available. A simple, robust procedure was developed to enable the generation of an extract containing a high percentage of hydrocarbons (6.3% by weight of dried leaf material) higher than previous reports in other higher plant species consequently, it is concluded that N. glauca could be a crop of greater importance than previously recognised for biofuel production. The plant can be grown on marginal lands, negating the need to compete with food crops or farmland, and the hydrocarbon extract can be produced in a non-invasive manner, leaving remaining biomass intact for bioethanol production and the generation of valuable co-products.

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ID Code: 70643
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
DOI: 10.1016/j.phytol.2012.04.004
ISSN: 1876-7486 (online) 1874-3900 (print)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Tropical Crops and Biocommodities
Current > Institutes > Institute for Future Environments
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 Phytochemical Society of Europe. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Deposited On: 30 Apr 2014 01:11
Last Modified: 01 May 2014 06:56

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