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Chlorination of Swimming Pools by Photovoltaic Power –Sizing and Matching Criterion

Khouzam, Kamel Y. & Appelbaum, Joseph (2006) Chlorination of Swimming Pools by Photovoltaic Power –Sizing and Matching Criterion. In Australiasian Universities Power Engineering Conference, 10-13 December 2006, Melbourne, Victoria.

Abstract

Chlorine is widely used in swimming pools to control algae, kill bacteria and to oxidize organic matter. In this research, photovoltaic (PV) power was applied to an electrolytic cell to produce liquid chlorine using brine of sodium chloride. The amount of chlorine production depends on the electric charge and on the salinity level, and for a good matching system maximum charge is obtained if the load line intercepts the PV characteristic at high current as possible. Based on this property a simple rule of sizing the PV array may be based on the short circuit current. Detailed analyses were made to compare the system performance with and without a maximum power point tracker (MPPT). Results show that incorporating a MPPT would be advantageous to boost chlorine production. Field testing indicated that the variation in solar radiation and temperature matches well the need for chlorine production. The use of PV in salt-water chlorination is an effective way to semi-automate the chlorine supply to the swimming pool.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 7067
Item Type: Conference Paper
Additional Information: For more information, please contact the author: k.khouzam@qut.edu.au
Keywords: Photovoltaic, Chlorination, Electrolysis, Maximum Power Point Tracking, Optimim Sizing
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING (090600) > Power and Energy Systems Engineering (excl. Renewable Power) (090607)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (091300) > Automation and Control Engineering (091302)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES (010000) > NUMERICAL AND COMPUTATIONAL MATHEMATICS (010300) > Optimisation (010303)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PHYSICAL SCIENCES (020000) > CLASSICAL PHYSICS (020300) > Classical Physics not elsewhere classified (020399)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY (INCL. STRUCTURAL) (030600) > Electrochemistry (030604)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES (010000) > APPLIED MATHEMATICS (010200) > Operations Research (010206)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Deposited On: 18 Apr 2007
Last Modified: 15 Jan 2009 17:27

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