Numerical and experimental studies on the fracture behavior of rubber-toughened epoxy in bulk specimen and laminated composites
Yan, Cheng, Xiao, Keqin, Ye, Lin, & Mai, Yiu-Wing (2002) Numerical and experimental studies on the fracture behavior of rubber-toughened epoxy in bulk specimen and laminated composites. Journal of Materials Science, 37(5), pp. 921-927.
To study the toughening mechanisms of liquid rubber (LR) and core-shell rubber (CSR) in bulk epoxy and composite laminate, experimental and numerical investigations were carried out on compact tension (CT) and double-cantilever-beam (DCB) specimens under mode-I loading. The matrix materials were pure epoxy (DGEBA), 15% LR (CTBN) and 15% CSR modified epoxies. Experimental results and numerical analyses showed that both liquid rubber (LR) and core-shell rubber (CSR) could improve significantly the fracture toughness of pure epoxy (DGEBA). However, the high toughness of these toughened epoxies could not be completely transferred to the interlaminar fracture toughness of the unidirectional carbon fibre reinforced laminate. The main toughening mechanism of CSR in bulk epoxy was the extensive particle cavitation, which greatly released the crack-tip triaxiality and promoted matrix shear plasticity. The poor toughness behavior of CSR in the carbon fibre laminate was thought to be caused by the high constraint imposed by the stiff fibre layers. No particle cavitation had been observed in LR modified epoxy and the main toughening mechanism was merely the large plastic deformation near the crack-tip due to the rubber domains in the matrix which results in a lower yield strength but a higher elongation-to-break.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||composite, polymer, laminate, toughness, constraint, mechanical behavior|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MATERIALS ENGINEERING (091200)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MATERIALS ENGINEERING (091200) > Composite and Hybrid Materials (091202)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MATERIALS ENGINEERING (091200) > Polymers and Plastics (091209)
|Divisions:||Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2002 Springer|
|Copyright Statement:||The original publication is available at SpringerLink http://www.springerlink.com|
|Deposited On:||19 Apr 2007 00:00|
|Last Modified:||10 Aug 2011 18:31|
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