A review on the production of levulinic acid and furanics from sugars

Rackemann, Darryn W. & Doherty, William O.S. (2012) A review on the production of levulinic acid and furanics from sugars. In Bruce, R.C. (Ed.) 34th Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists Conference, Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists Conference, Cairns, QLD.

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Abstract

Sugarcane products represent an abundant and relatively low cost carbon resource that can be utilised to produce chemical intermediates such as levulinic acid and furanics. These chemicals can be easily upgraded to commodity and specialty chemicals and biofuels by high yielding and well established technologies. However, there are challenges and technical hurdles that need to be overcome before these chemical intermediates can be cost-effectively produced in commercial quantities. The paper reviews production of levulinic acid and furanics from sugars by homogeneous mineral acid catalysts, and reports on preliminary studies on the production of these compounds with environmentally friendly biodegradable sulfonic acids. The yields (>50% of theoretical) of levulinic acid, formic acid and furfural obtained with these organic acids are comparable to that of sulphuric acid currently used for their production.

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ID Code: 70881
Item Type: Conference Paper
Refereed: No
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Lignocellulosics, Hydrolysis, Levulinic Acid, Furfural
ISSN: 0726-0822
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (030500)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (090400)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Tropical Crops and Biocommodities
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2012 Australian Society of Sugar Cane Technologists
Deposited On: 02 May 2014 01:35
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2014 15:57

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