Preparation and characterization of composites from starch with sugarcane bagasse nanofibres

Gilfillan, William Neil, Moghaddam, Lalehvash, & Doherty, William O. S. (2014) Preparation and characterization of composites from starch with sugarcane bagasse nanofibres. Cellulose, 21(4), pp. 2695-2795.

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Abstract

This paper reports on the results of using unbleached sugar cane bagasse nanofibres (average diameter 26.5 nm; aspect ratio 247 assuming a dry fibre density of 1,500 kg/m3) to improve the physico-chemical properties of starch-based films. The addition of bagasse nanofibres (2.5 to 20 wt%) to modified potato starch (i.e. soluble starch) reduced the moisture uptake by up to 17 % at 58 % relative humidity. The film’s tensile strength and Young’s modulus increased by up to 100 % (3.1 to 6.2 MPa) and 300 % (66.3 to 198.3 MPa) respectively with 10 and 20 wt% fibre addition. However, the strain at yield dropped by 50 % for the film containing 10 wt% fibre. Models for composite materials were used to account for the strong interactions between the nanofibres and the starch matrix. The storage and loss moduli as well as the glass transition temperature (Tg) obtained from dynamic mechanical thermal analysis, were increased with the starch-nanofibre films indicating decreased starch chain mobility due to the interacting effect of the nanofibres. Evidence of the existence of strong interactions between the starch matrix and the nanofibres was revealed from detailed Fourier transform infra-red and scanning electron microscopic evaluation.

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7 citations in Scopus
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5 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 71064
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1007/s10570-014-0277-4
ISSN: 1572-882X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MATERIALS ENGINEERING (091200) > Polymers and Plastics (091209)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Tropical Crops and Biocommodities
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2014 Springer
Deposited On: 06 May 2014 03:01
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2015 04:10

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