The IKBALS project: multi-modal reasoning in legal knowledge based systems

Zeleznikow, John, Vossos, George, & Hunter, Dan (1993) The IKBALS project: multi-modal reasoning in legal knowledge based systems. Artificial Intelligence and Law, 2(3), pp. 169-203.

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In attempting to build intelligent litigation support tools, we have moved beyond first generation, production rule legal expert systems. Our work integrates rule based and case based reasoning with intelligent information retrieval.

When using the case based reasoning methodology, or in our case the specialisation of case based retrieval, we need to be aware of how to retrieve relevant experience. Our research, in the legal domain, specifies an approach to the retrieval problem which relies heavily on an extended object oriented/rule based system architecture that is supplemented with causal background information. We use a distributed agent architecture to help support the reasoning process of lawyers.

Our approach to integrating rule based reasoning, case based reasoning and case based retrieval is contrasted to the CABARET and PROLEXS architectures which rely on a centralised blackboard architecture. We discuss in detail how our various cooperating agents interact, and provide examples of the system at work. The IKBALS system uses a specialised induction algorithm to induce rules from cases. These rules are then used as indices during the case based retrieval process.

Because we aim to build legal support tools which can be modified to suit various domains rather than single purpose legal expert systems, we focus on principles behind developing legal knowledge based systems. The original domain chosen was theAccident Compensation Act 1989 (Victoria, Australia), which relates to the provision of benefits for employees injured at work. For various reasons, which are indicated in the paper, we changed our domain to that ofCredit Act 1984 (Victoria, Australia). This Act regulates the provision of loans by financial institutions.

The rule based part of our system which provides advice on the Credit Act has been commercially developed in conjunction with a legal firm. We indicate how this work has lead to the development of a methodology for constructing rule based legal knowledge based systems. We explain the process of integrating this existing commercial rule based system with the case base reasoning and retrieval architecture.

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 71067
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
DOI: 10.1007/BF00871889
ISSN: 1572-8382
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Law
Copyright Owner: Copyright 1993 Springer Netherlands
Deposited On: 06 May 2014 03:36
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2017 05:02

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