Ozonolysis of phospholipid double bonds during electrospray ionization : A new tool for structure determination

Thomas, M. C., Mitchell, T. W., & Blanksby, Stephen J. (2005) Ozonolysis of phospholipid double bonds during electrospray ionization : A new tool for structure determination. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 128(1), pp. 58-59.

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Phospholipids are the key structural component of cell membranes, and recent advances in electrospray ionization mass spectrometry provide for the fast and efficient analysis of these compounds in biological extracts.1-3 The application of electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) to phospholipid analysis has demonstrated several key advantages over the more traditional chromatographic methods, including speed and greater structural information.4 For example, the ESI-MS/MS spectrum of a typical phospholipidsparticularly in negative ion modesreadily identifies the carbon chain length and the degree of unsaturation of each of the fatty acids esterified to the parent molecule.5 A critical limitation of conventional ESI-MS/MS analysis, however, is the inability to uniquely identify the position of double bonds within the fatty acid chains. This is especially problematic given the importance of double bond position in determining the biological function of lipid classes.6 Previous attempts to identify double bond position in intact phospholipids using mass spectrometry employ either MS3 or offline chemical derivatization.7-11 The former method requires specialized instrumentation and is rarely applied, while the latter methods suffer from complications inherent in sample handling prior to analysis. In this communication we outline a novel on-line approach for the identification of double bond position in intact phospholipids. In our method, the double bond(s) present in unsaturated phospholipids are cleaved by ozonolysis within the ion source of a conventional ESI mass spectrometer to give two chemically induced fragment ions that may be used to unambiguously assign the position of the double bond. This is achieved by using oxygen as the electrospray nebulizing gas in combination with high electrospray voltages to initiate the formation of an ozoneproducing.

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ID Code: 71273
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: mass-spectrometric analysis, radical probe, glycerophosphocholine, lipids, protein-structure, fatty-acids, mechanism, hydroxylation, ozone
DOI: 10.1021/ja056797h
ISSN: 0002-7863
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2006 American Chemical Society
Deposited On: 12 May 2014 23:22
Last Modified: 12 May 2014 23:22

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