Design of light gauge steel roofing systems subject to high wind forces
Sivapathasundaram, Mayooran & Mahendran, Mahen (2013) Design of light gauge steel roofing systems subject to high wind forces. In Pahtirana, K.P.P., Jayasinghe, Thishan, Dissanayake, Ranjith, & Mendis, Priyan (Eds.) Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction Management 2013, Nethwin Printers (Pvt) Ltd., Kandy, Sri Lanka.
Light gauge steel roofing systems made of thin profiled roof sheeting and battens are used commonly in residential, industrial and commercial buildings. Their critical design load combination is that due to wind uplift forces that occur during high wind events such as tropical cyclones and thunderstorms. However, premature local failures at their screw connections have been a concern for many decades since cyclone Tracy that devastated Darwin in 1974. Extensive research that followed cyclone Tracy on the pull-through and pull-out failures of roof sheeting to batten connections has significantly improved the safety of roof sheeting. However, this has made the batten to rafter/truss connection the weakest, and recent wind damage investigations have shown the failures of these connections and the resulting loss of entire roof structures. Therefore an experimental research program using both small scale and full scale air-box tests is currently under way to investigate the pull-through failures of thin-walled steel battens under high wind uplift forces. Tests have demonstrated that occurrence of pull-through failures in the bottom flanges of steel batttens and the need to develop simple test and design methods as a function of many critical parameters such as steel batten geometry, thickness and grade, screw fastener sizes and other fastening details. This paper presents the details of local failures that occur in light fauge roofing systems, a review of the current design and test methods for steel battens and associated short comings, and the test results obtained to date on pull-through failures of battens from small scale and full scale tests. Finally, it proposes the use of suitable small scale test methods that can be used by both researchers and manufacturers of such screw-fastened light gauge steel batten systems.
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|Item Type:||Conference Paper|
|Keywords:||Cold-formed Steel Structures, Light Gauge Steel Roofing Systems, Steel Battens, Wind Uplift Loads, Pull-through Failures, Test Methods|
|Divisions:||Current > Schools > School of Civil Engineering & Built Environment
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Science & Engineering Faculty
|Deposited On:||14 May 2014 00:30|
|Last Modified:||15 May 2014 02:55|
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